Environmental education as a tool for awareness.
Its history can be briefly described by the following steps:
1968 - Founded as the Club of Rome brings together scientists Cheap NFL Jerseys , economists and senior government officials from several countries to analyze the world situation and make predictions and solutions for the future (in an ecological perspective, the global system). The studies and proposals of informal association, sponsored by the Volkswagen Foundation, the first report of this organization was published in 1972 under the title: "The Limits of Growth."
They pointed out some factors that could lead a global crisis ever seen:
- Exhaustion of Natural Resources, an energy crisis, population growth Cheap Jerseys China , food shortage, mass unemployment, environmental pollution (the industrialization of the modern world is rapidly destroying the environment with effect no return and above any estimate).
1972 - The United Nations Conference in Stockholm occurred under the theory of thought originating from the Club of Rome. Ecological politicized the issue and opened a new field in international relations: the eco diplomacy. When the United Nations (UN) was established in 1945, highlighted as priorities for peace, human rights and equitable development are not priority or concern in their first years of existence the environmental issue, much less the welfare status. Only from the Stockholm Conference on Human Environment in 1972 Cheap Jerseys , the ecological security has become the fourth priority of the United Nations.
1987 - The World Commission on Environment and Development (CMMAD), known as Brundland Commission, recommended the creation of a letter or a universal declaration on environmental protection and sustainable development.
"Answering the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to also meet their". Our Common Future, Report of the Commission Brundland that inspired the Rio-92.
1992 - United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro, also known as Rio-92 and ECO-92, twenty years after the Stockholm Conference also felt the impact of theories of the Club of Rome Wholesale NFL Jerseys Online , mainly in the form of approaches and proposals made by developed countries.
However, in the interval between the two conferences, significant changes occurred in both societies and the ecological and environmental thinking. The Rio-92 was also the scene of the critical theories of the Club of Rome. Eco 92 started the process and reached an initial consensus on the Declaration of Principles of the Rio, "to continue the project of the Earth Charter.
This time, it was officially the Agenda 21, as a document of international problems of today Wholesale NFL Jerseys Cheap , preparing the world for the challenges of the 21st century.
1995 - International Seminar on the Earth agreement, held in The Hague, Netherlands. There were defined the needs, the main elements and the way of drafting the Earth Charter.
1996 - Conference on Climate Change held in Kyoto in Japan and known as Rio +5 was held for five years after the Eco 92. The official document of the Conference was known as the Kyoto Protocol, was adopted on 11.12.97, seeking the involvement of a reduction of about 6% of emissions of greenhouse gases in industrialized countries until the period 2008 to 2012.
1997 - During the Rio was formed a Commission of the Earth agreement. At that time it was the first draft text of reference Wholesale NFL Jerseys Free Shipping , the discussions today that beacon in the world. The Earth agreement and the Rio Declaration which seeks to establish international respect the interests of all and protect the integrity of the overall ecology and development. It is understood that environmental education is essential for the formation of the individual as citizen.
Provisions of article 2 of Law 979599 establishing the National Policy of Environmental Education (PNEA) should be present in articulated at all levels and modalities of the educational process in all sectors of society.
Thus it is legal instrument to the citizen is environmentally aware, it can be charged by society and political responsibility and obligation to its institutionalization. Should be worked as a transversal theme, according to the National Curricular Parameters and Guidelines, as the law prioritizes the projects of environmental education in the disciplines of basic education.
ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS AND EDUCATION
The aspirations of a community or population should be considered in environmental planning which will be subject, as it seeks to solve the problems that alarmed by the diagnosis. These characteristics show that the knowledge of the environment by people who live and understand this area, generating data from the development of business activities and relationship with nature.
The community Wholesale NFL Jerseys From China , for being there, has the power to transform and build new landscapes, new spaces, as well as their mental images, then revealing, perceptive plans more or less clear Wholesale NFL Jerseys China , according to their vital needs or limitations, as his social and cultural priorities .
As proposed Ler铆pio (1996): The perception inevitably influences human behavior, but to maintain a quality environment, the behavior must be directed to specific acts. Moreover, the specific acts must take precedence over other possible actions which reflect a different hierarchy of values. The personal habits reflect the priority of value of an individual and treated with consideration to the environment requires a focus on environmental values. Information and education of the public are essential, especially to develop the approach known as environmental ethics.
Ler铆pio (2001) proposing that complements the environment to influence the behavior group Wholesale NFL Jerseys , to raise the participation of many individuals to the achievement of common targets, "A certain degree of consensus must be reached on the definition of environment<. Wholesale Jerseys China Wholesale Jerseys China Wholeasale Jerseys China Wholesale NFL Jerseys China Wholesale Jerseys China Wholesale Jerseys China Wholesale Jerseys From China Wholesale Jerseys China Cheap College Baseball Jerseys Wholesale Jerseys